10 Tips for Beginner Gardeners

Read this blog with gardening tips that have come out of popular knowledge and can be tested in your garden.

Gardening is a very fun and relaxing hobby and one of the reasons for this is the exchange of tips that happens when you meet another practitioner of this activity. Here is a list of thirteen gardening tips for you to write down and talk about the next time you meet other lovers of this practice.

Remember to test these tips only on a few plants, to see what the result will be before you apply them to your entire garden. Each plant reacts differently to gardening care, so getting to know the species in your garden is the first step in helping your plants grow better.

1. Aerate your garden soil

Professional farmers always warn of the importance of aerating the land at least twice a year. Beginner gardeners can also take advantage of this tip. Take a cordless drill and drill through the soil, then fill part of these holes with smaller rocks and leave the rest empty so that they fill naturally. These holes will help oxygenate the root area.

2. Use coffee grounds to enrich the soil

Coffee grounds can be great fertilizers. You can add them to a compost heap along with leaves and grass, or in compost boxes by mixing them with chopped paper, dried leaves or other carbon sources. Mix all this well and put it in the moist soil and add nitrogen fertilizer at the same time. Coffee grounds are also good for repelling slugs and snails and attract worms, which are great for enriching the soil. Read more about the various uses of coffee grounds.

3. Put eggshells on the ground to repel slugs

If slugs or snails are eating your plants and killing your garden, there’s an easy and quick way to avoid this. A valuable gardening tip is to put broken egg shells in the ground near the pots being attacked. There’s no scientific explanation for why slugs avoid these shells, they’re just afraid the sharp points will hurt them. It is very common for these animals to be found in gardens that are watered frequently or after rains.

4. Magnesium sulfate can do your tomatoes good

Many know that magnesium sulfate can bring benefits to the human body when placed in bath water. What many do not know is that this substance can also be very useful in gardening. Placing a limited amount of magnesium sulfate in tomatoes helps the fruit to develop better, as magnesium and sulfate are important ingredients for plant growth. Some also say that putting some of this sulfate around plants that are not well can help them recover.

5. Avoid crawling insects by using aluminum foil

If some insects are going after your vegetables, a gardening tip is to put an aluminum foil necklace around pumpkins or tomatoes, for example, to prevent them from getting there. Again: nothing scientific behind this – this type of insect simply avoids metals in general and, in this case, also has the fact that the paper is sharp.

6. Keep the pots moist with the help of this homemade “wick watering can”.

If you live in an apartment or grow your plants in pots, here’s a good tip for plants that need more water or even when you travel. You’ll need a PET bottle, a vase and something to serve as a wick – it could be some kind of wool, acrylic thread or gauze.

7. Invest in hugelkultur gardens

Hugelkultur gardens are a way to cultivate your garden – much simpler than the German name. This type of garden consists of a bed with old trunks covered with earth. Just pick up trunks (the more decomposed the better) and make a pile, then throw the land over and take care of the soil normally. The advantage of this gardening technique is that, in addition to reusing the remains of your garden, the trunks also work as a type of sponge, absorbing the liquid from the soil and releasing it when necessary.

8. Make your own insecticide with liquid soap

Dissolve one teaspoon of liquid soap in four glasses of water. Sneeze on plants that have spiders, aphids and other insects. This insecticide is not preventive, it kills the insects by suffocation or dehydration, that is, it needs to contact the pest to eliminate it. Another use for this liquid soap solution is to use it to clean melons that have mold or leaf residue. But be careful not to kill bees and other pollinators.

9. Apply a solution produced with sodium bicarbonate to prevent fungus.

Dissolve one teaspoon in four cups of water and add a few drops of liquid soap to increase grip. Sneeze this solution onto plants that contain powdery mildew, rust or black spots. Sodium bicarbonate is an effective and natural fungicide.

10. Use garlic as a base for making an insecticide.

To use this gardening tip, shred a clove of garlic and dilute in two cups of water, stir until heterogeneous. Cover the liquid and let it rest for 24 hours, then filter the solution and place it in a large container. Add 12 more cups of water and one or two tablespoons of soap insecticide. Garlic kills some insects, so it is important to dilute so well, after all it can kill good insects too. This insecticide is preventive, because the garlic smell repels several types of insects.

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