It is a rather robust plant and is characterized by deciduous leaves. Its origins are Asian but it is also commonly used in our country to decorate private gardens.
It can reach three meters in height and has a grey bark that with the passage of time becomes wrinkled and dark traits. The three-lobed leaves are oval and have a green coloring that changes according to the variety that is cultivated.
With the end of spring we see the first blooms, which continue until late September. The flowers with their bell-shaped shape are very large, and have different colors that can vary from white to orange, from pink to scarlet red. The fruits of the semi-woody type are dark brown and contain seeds.
Diseases and Pests
The giant hibiscus variety plant is particularly sensitive to attacks from aphids and cochineals as well as to physiological patias related to incorrect cultivation techniques put into practice.
If plant protection products are used to resolve pest attacks before the plant can be seriously affected, it is necessary to make a difference and use different products for indoor and garden plants.
In fact, it is advisable for hibiscus plants grown in apartments to use specific products, because these are very concentrated and could kill even the other most delicate plants grown within the four walls of the home.
These pesticide treatments should be carried out with great care early in the morning, to allow the product to be absorbed before the sun starts to overheat the air.
The giant hibiscus can be propagated both by seed and by woody cutting, with the cutting we have the certainty to get flowers and leaves equal to those of the mother plant, which is not certain with the seed, especially if the original plant is the result of a hybrid crossing.
The cultivation by seed is done in the first days of March, the seeds are very small and to see sprout at least a couple, you need to bury at least twenty if you can even more.
The cultivation can take place on a very small portion of well shaded soil, and cover them with a very thin layer of soil well fertilized, if you want to multiply the hibiscus using woody cutting, you must take a bud from the plant that has a solid woody base.
Giant Hibiscus: Pruning
Pruning is carried out periodically but not before the plant has reached three years of age.
And in addition to being the most suitable system to give the hibiscus the shape you want, it can also to invigorate the old specimens.
Pruning ensures that all damaged, diseased or vital parts are removed. This operation is carried out at the beginning of spring, when the plants start to grow again.
It is a healthy and good habit to disinfect the tools between one cut and the next to avoid that any diseases can spread more quickly or infect the healthy parts of the plant.
The cut should be clean, and tilted in the direction in which you want the branch to grow, and do not forget to cut just above the knot. To ensure a clean cut of the dry parts during this practice, always use a suitable gardening tool such as a shear.