Ferns, tufts of heather and rhododendrons between mountains, cliffs and cavities recreate landscapes in miniature.
The rock garden, or rock garden, or more simply rock garden, is the exact reproduction, but in miniature, of a glimpse of a mountain landscape, of a corner of countryside or desert.
An Important Test
For gardeners, the rocket is undoubtedly the most difficult test to face. The rock garden, in fact, does not allow errors of composition or an improvised technique.
How To Create A Rock Garden
For the realization of a rock garden it is necessary to choose the most suitable angle, to procure the right material and to select the most suitable species without any concession to the imagination.
The choice of the ideal place for our first rock garden can be suggested by the particular structure of the ground, by any differences in height, as well as by the style of the garden.
It can then appear behind a small pond or at the edge of a stone ladder. Wherever it arises, it is essential to choose plants and flowers: they require the same climatic conditions and the same type of soil.
And you can immediately start with a clear distinction between two categories of plants: those that require a soil rich in calcium and those that, on the contrary, do not want any. The latter only grow in neutral, i.e. acid soil, such as peat and moorland.
Plants to Choose From
Rhododendron, azalea, fern, or the heather plant which blooms also during the winter periods, can enter in the composition of a rocky garden, knowing, however, that they need neutral soil and that they are to be watered with rain water.
For embellishing the composition, the alpine plants, rustic and lively, which develop luxuriantly sheltered between the stones, are very good. Also the annual and seasonal plants, such as the small bulbs of narcissus or of tulip, are good.
If the roccaglia sprouts up at the edges of a pool of water, we have to choose plants which love the humidity, such as the fern, the iris of Japan and the bamboo.
A Precise Project
As we have already said, the construction and installation of a rock garden requires a lot of patience and attention.
First of all, it is advisable to make an overall drawing and a detailed plan of the planting of the plants and stones.
In addition, the subsequent development of each species must be taken into account because each of them has its own growth speed.
A randomly arranged plant can invade the neighbors, hiding them and even suffocating them.
If the ground on which you want to compose the rock garden is barren, you must dig the entire surface to a depth of about 20 cm, the hole thus opened will then be filled with pebbles and the removed earth set aside, to be recovered later.
If the height of the rock garden is high enough, the rocks and stones can be fixed with a bit of cement (which will then be covered and camouflaged with stones and gravel).
The soil in which the plants grow will have to be placed between the stones and will be composed of the previously exported soil, recovered by mixing it with sand.
The gravel at the bottom of the garden and the sand mixed with the earth will ensure good drainage: typical rockrose plants, and in particular succulent plants, do not like the stagnation of water in the roots.
The Mesa at Home
The plants chosen to make up the rock garden must be planted taking into account their height, shape and color.
After this operation, the rocks and stones must be cleaned with a brush, in order to remove any trace of soil, and the plants must be surrounded by sand or gravel.
And now, here is a detailed list of the most suitable species for rocks that you can sow in time, between growing and then transplanting in your rock garden.
Among the perennial herbaceous plants, you can choose the arabid, the campanula, the feathery carnation, the gypsophila and the soapwort. And more: marigold, saxifrage, thyme and very suitable also the dwarf nasturtium, veronica, armory and primrose.
Among the bulbous species, the colchic, the crocus, the cyclamen, the narcissus, the scilla, the stembergia, the lady tulip. Naturally, the choice of the flowers is to be done taking into account, not only the needs of the plants, which must be common, but also their different flowering period.