The lawn is certainly the most important element of a garden: a well-kept and healthy turf gives value to the house and makes outdoor living enjoyable. To have a perfect, green and healthy lawn, it is important to choose the most suitable seeds and integrate the nutrients through the contribution of fertilizers and fertilizers.
Choosing Seeds for Your Lawn
There is no such thing as the best species or the best seed mix, but the one best suited to our lawn. There are a few factors that will guide us in choosing the best seeds.
The first factor of choice is the quality of the seed: the seeds must be fresh as the seeds of the previous year will have a reduced germination rate, endangering the health of the lawn. In addition, it is always advisable to choose professional seeds, avoiding the low-cost boxes that we can find in hypermarkets.
Among the best professional brands there are Barenbrug, an important Dutch producer that develops the genetics of its seeds, used in the meadows of the most important sports facilities in the world, excellent Italian companies are Padana Sementi and Herbatech. There are several online shops that handle seeds and professional fertilizers for lawn and guarantee the quality of the product, among them we point out Mondoirrigazione that offers an excellent value for money.
The second factor to consider is the climate zone, our lawn can be planted in a hot, temperate or cold and humid.
Italy is composed of areas with very different climates, it is essential to buy seeds for the lawn that are compatible with the climate of our area.
If we live in a hot area we must rely on seeds that are resistant to high temperatures and that we have limited water needs.
Among the species most tolerant to heat and drought are the Festuca arundinacea, the main element of mixtures for low maintenance lawns. It has a fairly fine texture and a dark green color, especially in the most recent and professional seed varieties.
Many use Gramigna seeds (also called Cynodon Dactylon or Bermudagrass) which, despite what is commonly imagined, is one of the most valuable species, able to create compact and elegant turf. In its most modern and best formulations it costs several tens of euros per kg.
In colder and wetter climates, on the other hand, lawn seeds are used, one of the characteristics of which is its resistance to low temperatures and water stagnation. The most common species are the Poa Pratense, which in addition to resisting the cold has a very high capacity for regeneration and is able to thicken thinned and damaged meadows, and the Loietto Perenne or Lolium, characterized by shiny emerald leaves, which has a high speed of initial settlement.
The third factor is the exposure: if our lawn is in the shade, the choice becomes almost obligatory towards the seeds of Festuca Rubra, the species most adaptable to the lack of sun. If we used non-specific seeds, the lawn would weaken to the point of thinning and thinning out.
A final factor is the use: our lawn can be ornamental, high use, in this case we should calibrate the choice of seeds taking into account this factor. The most commonly used species in intensive grassland is the Perennial ryegrass, which is also used in sports fields.
Fertilizing And Fertilizing The Lawn
The lawn, like any other species, eats and consumes different elements during the year, taking them away from the ground. It is for this reason that a proper fertilization is essential, to integrate the substances lost in the soil and provide the turf with the necessary nutrients.
Fertilization is as important as sowing for the success of our lawn and for it to maintain its appearance over time. It is to be considered, like cutting, as a constant maintenance operation to be carried out regularly.
The three main elements present in lawn fertilisers are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Phosphorus is very important in the sowing phase, as its use increases root development and allows for better settlement. In this initial phase, which is very delicate and important for the development of the lawn, special fertilizers called starter fertilizers with a high phosphorus content are used.
Nitrogen is the element that supports the growth of the lawn and provides the impetus for the vegetative phase. The lawn grows most in spring and autumn, when temperatures are ideal. In this phase high nitrogen content fertilizers are used, both with immediate effect and with slow release (fertilizers that release nitrogen gradually, in about 3 months).
Potassium has an anti-stress function, it is used when the lawn has to withstand thermal stress, such as strong summer heat or cold, frost and frost in winter. It is therefore the ideal fertilizer for summer and winter.
Now that we know the characteristics of the main elements of turf fertilizers we are able to know the best time to fertilize.
When fertilising we must also pay attention to the dosages and distribution. The dosages are indicated on the packaging of the fertilizer, it is very important to follow the recommendations to avoid undesirable effects. It is also important to distribute the fertilizers evenly and regularly on the ground, to avoid uneven aspects of the lawn.